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Patent Document Number
Starting device for an internal combustion engine and method for starting the internal combustion engine
English (United Kingdom)
4 pages / 91.8 KB
Method and system for starting an internal combustion engine having an AC starter and a DC starter
Technical Field of the Invention
The invention relates to a method and a starting system for starting an IC engine in a vehicle.
Background of the invention
A starting system for an IC engine (Internal Combustion engine) in a vehicle, such as a truck and a car, normally comprises a battery-driven DC motor (Direct Current motor) as a starter motor for the IC engine. An AC motor is not normally appropriate as a starter motor since it requires much more energy to be able to start a stationary IC engine.A minimum rotational speed required to start the IC engine depends on several factors, such as the number of cylinders, engine type, compression, engine temperature and additional loads driven by the IC engine. Also, each discharge at every start decreases the lifetime of a battery unit for the vehicle although it is recharged afterwards. If the battery unit is discharged and recharged a large number of times within a short time period, the capacity of the battery unit is decreased even more.
During so-called stop-and-go traffic, e.g. during rush hour in big cities or on roads having several traffic lights within short distance from each other, a vehicle is stopped to a standstill and driven forward several times within a short time period. In order to reduce the pollution from the IC engine, it would be advantageous to turn off the IC engine during standstill and then start it again as soon as the vehicle should move forward. However, a heavy truck with a large Diesel engine normally requires a relatively powerful DC starter motor, but such a DC-motor would not be able to withstand all the starts in stop-and-go traffic, if the IC engine would be turned off every time the truck is stopped.
In general a starter motor must supply more power as temperature drops due to increased torque being required as well as a higher starting speed. Also, the battery unit supplies less power as the temperature decreases. The battery unit and the DC motor must be able to achieve a cold start, i.e. starting the IC engine after it has been turned off for an extended period of time, in a relatively cold environment. Thus they generally has to be larger in order to be reliable in a cold environment.
DE-19533016-A1 discloses an arrangement for driving a vehicle in stop-and-go traffic without starting an internal combustion engine positioned in the vehicle. In a first and second embodiment, an electric motor is used for starting the combustion engine or driving the vehicle forward without utilising the internal combustion engine during stop-and-go driving. A third embodiment comprises a first electric motor situated on the combustion engine side of a power train and a second electric motor situated on the gear box side of the power train. The first electric motor is used for starting the combustion engine and the second electric motor is used for driving the vehicle. Hence...