The IP.com Prior Art Database
English (United States)
6 pages / 7.4 MB
Combination of Hardface Braze Tapes with Pre-sintered Braze Sheets for Wall Thickness Reduction
Wear resistant coatings are used to protect metal parts operating in a hot gas environment from degradation caused by e.g. mechanical wear, oxidation and corrosion. Areas of application for such coatings are steam turbines and gas turbines. One specific example for the application of such coatings are surfaces exposed to the hot gas path and/or surfaces adjacent to hot gases, especially when there is physical contact to other surfaces.
Wear resistant coatings are typically applied by spraying, welding or brazing processes. It is a standard process to renew them after service. In cases where heavy wear occurs during service, reapplication of just the hardface coating is sometimes not sufficient rather restoration of the wall thickness is also required. As a consequence hardface brazing has emerged as a process where wall thickness build-up and wear protection can be achieved in one process step, thus providing cost savings compared to traditional spraying.
Section 2 describes the materials necessary for hardface brazing, whereas section 3 describes the hardface brazing process. The brazing cycle described in section 3.2 was specifically developed for brazing tapes.
2 Hardface Brazing Material
In order to achieve wear protection by brazing, the braze alloy is mixed with wear resistant particles. Additionally, filler and binder material may also be added.
2.1 Wear Resistant Particles
Wear resistant particles are preferably ceramics, e.g. carbides, carbonitrides, nitrides and oxides. Some examples of wear resistant particles include but are not limited to:
Boron nitride, chromium carbide, chromium oxide, diamonds, silicon carbide, silicon nitride, tantalum carbide, titanium carbide and tungsten carbide. Depending on the application, a mixture of one or more types of wear resistant particles may be used.
Other important parameters that define the wear properties of the wear resistant layer are particle shape, particle size and particle size distribution. Generally smaller particle sizes are preferred if the brittleness of the hardface coating is a concern. Particle sizes below 100 mm or even below 50 mm are frequently employed. Various particle size distributions are possible, such as but not limited to, Gaussian or bimodal distributions. Bimodal distributions are often used when more than one type of wear resistant particle is used with the aim to tailoring the properties of the layer.
The above-mentioned examples are used for the purpose of illustrating potential applications and in no way limited to only these applications.
2.2 Braze Alloy
The wear resistant particles are mixed with a high temperature brazing alloy. Examples of high temperature braze alloys include, but are not limited to:
Co-based, Fe-based and Ni-based braze alloys. Al-Si-based soldering alloys can also be used with wear resistant particles.
2.3 Braze Filler